Originally meant to be brief and exceptional, solitary confinement in US prisons has become long-term and common. Prisoners spend 23 hours a day in featureless cells, with no visitors or human contact for years on end, and they are held entirely at administrators´ discretion. Keramet Reiter tells the history of one ´´supermax´´, California´s Pelican Bay State Prison, whose extreme conditions recently sparked a statewide hunger strike by 30,000 prisoners. This book describes how Pelican Bay was created without legislative oversight, in fearful response to 1970s radicals; how easily prisoners slip into solitary; and the mental havoc and social costs of years and decades in isolation. The product of 15 years of research in and about prisons, this book provides essential background to a subject now drawing national attention. 1. Language: English. Narrator: C.S.E Cooney. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tant/006721/bk_tant_006721_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.